Osage Orange

Image: Mike Habeck

Osage Orange is a tree native to a relatively small area that includes parts of Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. However, it now occurs in much of the country, having proven popular as a dense, thorny substitute for fencing. The fruit, pictured above, can have a diameter up to six inches. It contains hundreds of seeds and appears in the fall. Also known as hedge-apple.


How Life Began (31 Oct 2016, BBC)

Dirt First (2016, Orion)


I think the environment should be put in the category of our national security. Defense of our resources is just as important as defense abroad. Otherwise what is there to defend?
~Robert Redford ~